Forklifts are versatile and important tools for any large warehouse or other worksites that carry, store, or transport heavy materials. They make the transportation of the goods efficient, safe, and smooth across the warehouse.
When talking about choosing between diesel forklifts and electric forklifts, which one is better for your warehouse or organization? The answer is “neither” or “both”. This is because it depends on several factors such as warehouse operations, budget, worksites, duration of work, budget, and others.
Of these, the key factor is what you expect from your warehouse forklift. Electric forklifts can perform some things that electrics cannot and vice versa. Therefore, some companies own both types.
Here we have come up with this quick comparison between electric and diesel forklifts to help you make an informed decision.
Diesel Forklifts are powered by internal combustion engines running on diesel fuel, known for their robustness and high torque. Running on electric batteries, electric forklifts are favored for their quieter operation, lower emissions, and suitability for indoor use.
Total Cost of Ownership
When pondering over the total cost of ownership, it is important to assess both the long-term expenses and upfront investment associated with owning the forklift. Electric-powered forklifts can cost you more, thanks to their expensive battery and charging system. However, the operating costs remain lower as electricity is generally cheaper than diesel fuel. Moreover, electric forklifts have fewer moving parts, leading to reduced maintenance and increased lifespans.
Diesel forklifts, on the other hand, are cheaper, but they cause higher operational expenses due to fuel and frequent maintenance requirements. Diesel fuel prices are less likely to stabilize, impacting the ongoing costs. Top of that, even the basic maintenance practices such as oil changes and filter replacements raise the overall expenses.
The world is more conscious about the environment than ever before. Thanks to the ever-increasing level of pollution, climate change, and the visible impact of human activities on the planet. You as a responsible business would like to switch to eco-friendly practices or things that have reduced carbon footprint. No wonder you are more likely to prefer electric forklifts that contribute to a greener and cleaner environment. They generate less emissions during operation, reducing the carbon footprint and improving air quality. They are also quieter, meaning that they help maintain a pleasant work environment and minimize noise pollution.
In contrast, diesel-powered forklifts generate carbon dioxide and other pollutants, leading to air pollution and environmental degradation. While some forklift models comply with emission standards, their impact on the environment is still an issue.
Performance and Efficiency
This point belongs to diesel forklifts. They are generally more powerful and ideal for demanding applications. They come with higher torque, letting them carry heavy loads with ease.
Diesel forklifts are the ideal choice for outdoor use. Their big, robust size and solid power make them the optimal choice for challenging environments such as construction sites, farmlands, shipping yards, and junkyards.
Specifically designed for rough terrain, diesel forklifts equipped with pneumatic tires excel in areas with loose gravel or dirt. These tires, featuring thick treads and inflatability, provide all-wheel traction and safe maneuverability. Ideal for loading pallet goods onto containers, trailers, mining, and even live poultry hauling, rough terrain diesel forklifts prove their versatility in demanding outdoor applications.
Plus, they can be operated for longer as re-fueling with diesel is quicker than recharging electric forklifts.
Electric forklifts have a slower acceleration, although they have electric motors for instant torque and smooth acceleration.
However, electric forklifts can work for indoor settings, such as warehousing, retail spaces, and manufacturing facilities, where emissions are required to be reduced. They are also an ideal choice for operations prioritizing noise reduction and need maneuverability in tight spaces.
Electric forklifts are smaller in size, making them easy to operate in tight spaces such as the aisles and corners of a worksite. They can be easily controlled as they don’t have a clutch, unlike their diesel counterparts.
Electric forklifts have limitations in lift capacities. On average, they can lift the load ranging from 3,000 to 6,000 pounds. In contrast, their diesel counterparts showcase significantly higher capabilities, with the ability to hoist loads of up to 40,000 pounds.
Maintenance considerations differ for electric and diesel forklifts. Electric forklifts are known for their lower maintenance requirements, involving routine checks on batteries, chargers, and electrical components.
Diesel forklifts, on the other hand, require regular attention to the engine, fuel system, and exhaust components, often leading to higher maintenance costs. While electric forklifts boast simplicity and reduced wear and tear, diesel forklifts demand expertise in traditional engine maintenance. Businesses must factor in these distinctive maintenance needs when choosing between the two, aligning their decision with operational efficiency and long-term cost considerations.
There isn’t a clear-cut superiority between diesel and electric forklifts—each has its own merits and demerits.
Which forklift type can work for you is determined by its power source, operating cost, industry stability, and operations. Electric forklifts have lower operating costs, precise controls, compact size, noiseless operations, and zero emissions. On the other hand, diesel forklifts are more powerful and ensure longer operating times as well as being ideal for outdoor and heavy-duty operations.
Considering the factors discussed in this blog can help you choose the right type of forklift that will improve your material handling operations.